GLOBALIZATION AS A CATALYST FOR THE GROWTH OF WESTERN EDUCATION IN AFRICA: ITS EFFECTS ON TRADITIONAL EDUCATION
Ughaerumba Ugo A. C.
Department of Social Studies
Nwafor Orizu College of Education, Nsugbe-Nigeria
International Journal of Arts and Social Sciences (IJRASS)
Oasis International Journal Series
Vol. 1 No. 1
Before the sub-Saharan Africa and the American continent was discovered by the European explorers the known world was Europe, parts of Asia and parts of northern and eastern Africa. At that time globalization had already started but in a low scale. There had been contacts, trade and exchange of ideas cultures and religion among the tribes of Europe, parts of Asia and parts of northern and eastern Africa. With the discovery of the American continent and the sub-Saharan Africa a new phase of globalization kick-started, European culture, religion and world view where imported into the newly found territories through the use of education. The new form of education presented to Africans was designed to make them detest their cultural heritage; religion and world view and accept the foreign way of life without questioning. This situation coupled with the unfortunate historical events -slave trade and colonialism- made the ordinary African see himself as inferior to the European invaders. The implications are that the traditional education of the native African is relegated to the background. The product of education now becomes Africans who rejects African religion, culture and world view and force themselves to be Europeans in ideas and world view while remaining Africans in blood and colour.
Keywords –Globalization, catalyst, growth of Western education, Africa, Effects, traditional
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